Análise melissopalinológica e estrutura de ninho de abelhas Trigona spinipes (Fabricius, 1793) (Hymenoptera: Apidae) encontradas no Campus da Universidade Federal de Sergipe, São Cristovão, SE

Maria Emilene Correia Oliveira, Júlio César Melo Poderoso, Adailton Freitas Ferreira, Ana Carolina Vilar Lessa, Priscylla Costa Dantas, Genésio Tâmara Ribeiro, Edilson Divíno Araújo

Abstract


 


Resumo. A tribo Trigonini abrange o maior número de gêneros e espécies de abelhas, existindo espécies que ainda não foram estudadas e características biológicas e ecológicas que ainda são desconhecidas. As abelhas Trigona spinipes (Fabricius) são descritas como agente polinizador de diversas culturas, podendo ser utilizada inclusive como agente polinizador comercial. O objetivo do trabalho foi realizar estudos sobre a abelha T. spinipes, buscando conhecer aspectos de sua biologia, preferências e hábitos alimentares, a partir do acompanhamento dos ninhos existentes no Campus da Universidade Federal de Sergipe, situado na cidade de São Cristóvão, SE. Os seguintes parâmetros foram avaliados: atividade de vôo, estrutura de ninho, umidade, grau brix e pH no mel, e avaliação palinológica do mel e tipos polínicos observados nos ninhos. Foram encontrados 20 ninhos de T. spinipes, as médias de entradas de abelhas foram 298,72 e saídas 282,16. O volume médio dos potes de mel foi de 0,459 mL (p > 0.05), o peso médio de 0,9573 g, (p < 0.01), a umidade igual a 24,20%, o grau brix 74,50 e o pH 3,58. Quanto aos tipos polínicos observados nos ninhos, o grão dominante pertencia à família Celastraceae (46%) e no mel, o grão de pólen dominante pertencia à família Euphorbiaceae (51%). A diversidade de grãos de pólen encontrada em seus alimentos evidencia o potencial da trigona como polinizador.


 



Analysis Melissopalynology and Structure of Nest of Bees Trigona spinipes (Fabricius, 1793) (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Found in the Campus of the Universidade Federal de Sergipe, São Cristóvão, SE


Abstract. The tribe Trigonini embraces the largest number of species, a lot of species were not still studied and biological and ecological characteristics are still ignored. The bees Trigona spinipes (Fabricius) are called stingless bees being described as agent pollinator of several cultures could be used besides as agent commercial pollinator. The objective of the work went accomplish studies it remains to bee T. spinipes, looking for to know aspects of its biology, preferences and habits. The study area went at campus of the Federal University of Sergipe, where it was lifted up the number of existent nests, evaluation of flight activity, characterization of the nest, analysis of humidity text, degree brix and pH, besides evaluation palinologyc of the honey and pollen collected in the studied nest. They were found 20 nests, the averages of entrances and exits were, 438.38 and 412.70 in the nest a, 59.45 and 53.43 in the nest two and 398.33 and 380.35 in the nest three. The medium volume of the honey pots was 0,459 mL (p >= 0.05), and the medium weight 0.9573 g, (p <0.01). The humidity text the same to 24.20%, degree brix (soluble solids) equal to 74.50 and pH 3.58. In the pollen the dominant grain belonged to the family Celastraceae (46%) and honey the grain of dominant pollen belonged to the family Euphorbiaceae (51%). The diversity of pollens grains found in its victuals evidences the potential of the trigona as polinizador.


 


Keywords


Arapuá, abelha sem ferrão, comportamento, irapuá, comportment, stingless bee

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c)



Qualis Capes

EntomoBrasilis received B3 Interdisciplinary, B4 in Agrarian Sciences I, Environmental Sciences, Teaching and Collective Health, B5 in Biotechnology, Education and Zootechnics / Coastal Resources, in the evaluation of the QUALIS system of CAPES updated in 2016. The complete evaluation is here.

Open Access Articles

|    License Agreement    |     Instructions to authors (PDF)   |    Periodic Project   |   Privacy Policy    |    Currículo Lattes (Search)    |   Scielo     |     Periodicals related to Entomology and their abbreviations     |      Ortografa!

Indexers:

Latindex   |   SEER/IBICT     |    Dialnet     |    Agrobase - Literatura Agrícola     |   Sumários de Revistas Brasileiras     |     DOAJ     |    CABI Abstracts     |    LivRe!       |   RCAAP   |    Diadorim    |    Electronic Journals Library   | Eletronic Journals Index  |   Fonte Acadêmica - EBSCO  |   ZooBank    |   Zoological Records    |   Agro Unitau    |    BASE (Bielfield Academic Search Engine)    

Other sources:

   WorldCat    |     Mendeley     |     Google Acadêmico    |    Qualis CAPES    

Copyright © 2008-2019, Entomologistas do Brasil

The technical reviews and scientific and even personal, contained in articles and scientific papers published in EntomoBrasilis are full responsibility of their respective authors.

 

EntomoBrasilis. ISSN Online 1983-0572 doi: 10.12741

 

Website hosted free on HostingZone

We are affiliated to ABEC (Associação Brasileira de Editores Científicos)

We are affiliated to Periódicos CAPES

 

Support