Diversidade e Atividade de Voo de Himenópteros Parasitóides em Pomar de Macieira em Vacaria, RS

Daniela Fernanda Klesener, Régis Sivori Silva dos Santos, Ayres de Oliveira Menezes Jr.

Abstract


O O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a diversidade de himenópteros parasitóides e o período de atividade de voo em macieira. Os insetos foram amostrados com armadilha Malaise, semanalmente, por um período de 24h, sendo retirados do frasco coletor nos seguintes horários: 1, 7, 13 e 19 h. Foram coletados 1.249 himenópteros parasitóides distribuídos em 25 famílias com maior abundância de Ichneumonidae (318), Bethylidae (199), Figitidae (Eucoilinae) (183), Braconidae (90) e Scelionidae (86). Com exceção de Ichneumonidae (Ophioninae) a maioria dos parasitóides mostrou atividade de voo diurna.


Diversity and Flight Activity of Parasitoids Hymenoptera in Apple Orchard in Vacaria, RS


Abstract. The objective of this work was to evaluate the diversity of parasitoids Hymenoptera and the period of flight activity in apple trees. Insects were sampled with Malaise traps weekly for a period of 24 hours, being removed from the trap in the following times 1, 7, 13 and 19 hours. A total of 1,249 individual parasitoids from 25 families were collected. The most abundant families was Ichneumonidae (318), Bethylidae (199), Figitidae (Eucoilinae) (183), Braconidae (90) and Scelionidae (86). With the exception of Ichneumonidae (Ophioninae), parasitoids were most commonly colleted during daylight.


Keywords


Apple; Biological control; Circadian activity; Atividade circadiana; controle biológico; maçã

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