Diversity of Soil Beetles (Hexapoda, Coleoptera) in an Area at the Pantanal of Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brazil

Marinêz Isaac Marques, Ana Maria de Figueiredo, Geane Brizzola dos Santos, Wesley Oliveira Sousa, Sérgio Ide, Leandro Dênis Battirola


Abstract. Soil beetles (Hexapoda, Coleoptera) community, mainly Scarabaeidae, was evaluated in an area with different phytophysiognomies during the rising water period (November/2005) in the Pantanal of Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Thirty transects of 250 m, 1 km distant from each other, in an area of 5x5 km2 (RAPELD) were delimitated. In each transect, which characterized a sampled area, five samples of 1 m² were collected using mini-Winkler, and five pitfall traps distributed at a distance of 50 m between one sample and another and with a distance of 1 m between the two methods. A total of 767 Coleoptera individuals belonging to 27 families and 192 species were obtained. Scarabaeidae and Staphylinidae were the most abundant families. Staphylinidae, Curculionidae and Scarabaeidae were richest in species. Scarabaeidae was represented by 236 individuals distributed in the Scarabaeinae and Aphodiinae subfamilies, 11 genera and 22 species. The multivariate analyses of variance demonstrated that the relationship between the Coleoptera community and the phytophysiognomy was significant, and the relationship between the Scarabaeidae community and the phytophysiognomy was not significant. The murundu fields, cambarazal, landi and introduced pastures were the most representative phytophysiognomies for Coleoptera richness and abundance in this region. 

Diversidade de Besouros de Solo (Hexapoda, Coleoptera) em uma Área no Pantanal de Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brasil

Resumo. A comunidade de besouros de solo (Hexapoda, Coleoptera), principalmente Scarabaeidae, foi avaliada em uma área com diferentes formações vegetacionais (fitofisionomias) durante o período de enchente (novembro/ 2005) no Pantanal de Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Foram delimitados 30 transectos de 250 m, distantes 1 km entre si, em uma área de 5x5 km² (RAPELD). Em cada transecto, caracterizado como uma área amostral, cinco amostras de 1m² foram coletadas usando mini-Winkler e cinco armadilhas pitfall foram distribuídas a cada 50 m, mantendo-se uma distância de 1 m entre as duas técnicas empregadas. Foram amostrados 767 coleópteros pertencentes a 27 famílias e 192 espécies. Scarabaeidae e Staphylinidae foram as famílias mais abundantes. Staphylinidae, Curculionidae e Scarabaeidae apresentaram maior riqueza de espécies. Scarabaeidae foi representada por 236 indivíduos distribuídos entre Scarabaeinae e Aphodiinae, 11 gêneros e 22 espécies. A análise de variância multivariada evidenciou que a relação entre a comunidade de Coleoptera e as fitofisionomias foi significativa, enquanto entre Scarabaeidae e as fitofisionomias a relação não foi significativa. As áreas de campos de murundus, cambarazal, landi e pastagens introduzidas foram as fitofisionomias mais representativas para a riqueza e abundância de Coleoptera nessa região.


Litter; Scarabaeidae; Vegetation mosaic; Wetlands; Áreas úmidas; Mosaico vegetacional; Serapilheira; Scarabaeidae

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