First record of Ophionyssus natricis (Gervais) (Acari: Macronyssidae) on Python reticulatus (Schneider) (Pythonidae) in Brazil

Ademar Ferreira da Silva, Zeneida Teixeira Pinto, Rodrigo Hidalgo Teixeira, Rodolfo Armando Cunha, Cesar Carriço, Rebecca Leal Caetano, Gilberto Salles Gazeta, Marinete Amorim

Abstract


Abstract. Ophionyssus natricis (Gervais) frequently parasitizes snakes kept under human care. This mite is known to mechanically transmit the bacteria Proteus hydrophilus, which can cause hemorrhagic sepsis in snakes. This is the first record of O. natricis mite in Python reticulatus (Schneider) collected in captivity, in Brazil. The micrographs and drawings generated in this study, based on optical light microscopy and SEM observations, highlight an important identifying characteristic of O. natricis: The dorsal surface has two shields, consisting of propodosomal and pygidial, and the ventral surface has only the sternal shield trapezoidal with two pairs of setae, and pores on the edge. The identification of adults female of O. natricis mites in P. reticulatus collected in wild animals kept under human care, in Brazil, provides additional anatomical information to help identify the species by providing more necessary information to understand the morphology of snake mites.

Primeiro registro de Ophionyssus natricis (Gervais) (Acari: Macronyssidae) em Python reticulatus (Schneider) (Pythonidae) no Brasil

Resumo. Ophionyssus natricis (Gervais) frequentemente parasita cobras mantidas sob cuidados humanos. Este ácaro é conhecido por transmitir mecanicamente a bactéria Proteus hydrophilus, que pode causar sepse hemorrágica em cobras. Este é o primeiro registro O. natricis em Python reticulatus (Schneider) coletados em cativeiro, no Brasil. O estudo foi realizado com o auxílio de microscopia óptica e observações de MEV, gerando desenhos e micrografias, o que permitiu observar importantes características de identificação da fêmea de O. natricis: superfície dorsal com dois escudos, consistindo em propodossoma e pigidial, já a superfície ventral possui apenas o escudo esternal com forma trapezoidal, com dois pares de cerdas e poros na borda. A identificação das fêmeas adultas de O. natricis coletados em P. reticulatus mantidas sob cuidados humanos no Brasil, fornece informações anatômicas adicionais para ajudar na identificação da espécie fornecendo mais informações necessárias na compreensão da morfologia dos ácaros das cobras.


Keywords


Acari; Neotropical Region; Ectoparasite; Snake; Taxonomy; Região Neotropical; Ectoparasita; Cobra; Taxonomia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amanatfard, E., R.Y. Mohammad. & A. Barimani, 2014. Human Dermatitis Caused by Ophionyssus natricis, a Snake Mite. Iran Journal of Parasitology, 9: 594–596.

Belova, O.S. & O.V. Grigoriev, 1981. Occurrence of gamasid and ixodid ticks of reptiles of Western Siberia, 16-18 p. In: Borkin, L.J. (ed.): Herpetological investigations in Siberia and the Far East. Zoological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. 148 p..

Barbosa, A.B., H. Silva, H.N. Albuquerque & I.A.M. Ribeiro, 2006. Contribuição ao estudo parasitológico de jibóias, Boa constrictor constrictor Linnaeus, 1758, em cativeiro. Revista de Biologia Ciências Terra, 6: 1-19.

Camin, J.H., 1948. Mite transmission of a hemorrhagic septicemia in snakes. Journal of Parasitology, 34, 345-354. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3273698.

Dik, B., 2012. Türkiye’de Bir Su Yılanında (Natrix tessellata, Laurente 1768) (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae) ilk Ophionyssus natricis (Gervais, 1844) Olgusu. Turkiye Parazitolji Dergisi, 36, 112-115.

Fain, A., 1962. Les acariens mesostigmatiques ectoparasites des serpents. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, 38, 1-149.

Fain, A. & B. Bannert, 2000. Two new species of Ophionyssus Mégnin (Acari: Macronyssidae) parasitic on lizards of the genus Gallotia Boulenger (Reptilia: Lacertidae) from the Canary Islands. International Journal of Acarology, 26: 41-50. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01647950008683634.

Fajfer, M., 2012. Acari (Chelicerata) - Parasites of Reptil. Acarina, 20: 108-129.

Flechtmann, C.H.H., 1975. Elementos de Acarologia. São Paulo, Livraria Nobel S.A, 344 p.

Krantz, G.W. & D.E Walter, 2009. A Manual of Acarology. 3rd ed. – Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock, 807 p.

Miranda, R.J., J.E. Cleghorn, S.E. Bermúdez & M.E. Perott, 2017. Occurrence of the mite Ophionyssus natricis (Acari: Macronyssidae) on captive snakes from Panama. Acarologia, 57: 365-368. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/acarologia/20164161.

Yunker, C.E., 1956. Studies on the snake mite, Ophionyssus natricis, in nature. Science, 124: 979-980. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.124.3229.979.

Miron, L. & O. Ivan, 2003. O noua species a genului Ophionyssus Megnin (1844) (Acari, Gamasida, Macronyssidae), ectoparazit pe Vipera ursini. Scientia Parasitologica, 4: 172-174.

Moraza, M.L., N.R. Irwin, R. Godinho, S.J.E. Baird & J.G. Bellocq, 2009. A new species of Ophionyssus Mégnin (Acari: Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) parasitic on Lacerta schreiberi Bedriaga (Reptilia: Lacertidae) from the Iberian Peninsula, and a world key to species. Zootaxa, 58-68.

Simonov, E. & V. Zinchenko, 2010. Intensive infestation of Siberian pit-viper, Gloydius halys halys by the common snake mite, Ophionyssus natricis. Journal of Zoology, 6: 134-137.

Stanyukovich, M. & L. Lohanssen, 2005. Observations on the gamasid mites (Parasitomorphes, Gamasina, Macronyssidae, Laelapidae) parasitizing reptiles (Reptilia) from Russia and adjacent countries (ex-USSR). Herpetologia Petropolitana: Proceedings of the 12th Ordinary General Meeting of the Societas Europea Herppetologica / Russian Journal of Herpetology 12, Supplement, 310-311.

Wozniak, E.J. & D.F. DeNardo, 2000. The Biological, clinical significance and control of common snake mite Ophionyssus natricis, in captive reptiles. Journal of Herpetology Medicine and Surgery, 10: 4-10.

Zhang, M-Y. & K. Uchikawa, 1992. Ocurrence of Ophionyssus natricis on zoo snakes in Japan (Mesostigmata, Macronyssidae). Journal of the Acarological Society of Japan, 2: 75-78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2300/acari.2.75.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12741/ebrasilis.v11i1.768

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Autores e EntomoBrasilis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Qualis Capes

EntomoBrasilis received B3 Interdisciplinary, B4 in Agrarian Sciences I, Environmental Sciences, Teaching and Collective Health, B5 in Biotechnology, Education and Zootechnics / Coastal Resources, in the evaluation of the QUALIS system of CAPES updated in 2016. The complete evaluation is here.

Open Access Articles

|    License Agreement    |     Instructions to authors (PDF)   |    Periodic Project   |   Privacy Policy    |    Currículo Lattes (Search)    |   Scielo     |     Periodicals related to Entomology and their abbreviations     |      Ortografa!

Indexers:

Latindex   |   SEER/IBICT     |    Dialnet     |    Agrobase - Literatura Agrícola     |   Sumários de Revistas Brasileiras     |     DOAJ     |    CABI Abstracts     |    LivRe!       |   RCAAP   |    Diadorim    |    Electronic Journals Library   | Eletronic Journals Index  |   Fonte Acadêmica - EBSCO  |   ZooBank    |   Zoological Records    |   Agro Unitau    |    BASE (Bielfield Academic Search Engine)    

Other sources:

   WorldCat    |     Mendeley     |     Google Acadêmico    |    Qualis CAPES    

Copyright © 2008-2019, Entomologistas do Brasil

The technical reviews and scientific and even personal, contained in articles and scientific papers published in EntomoBrasilis are full responsibility of their respective authors.

 

EntomoBrasilis. ISSN Online 1983-0572 doi: 10.12741

 

Website hosted free on HostingZone

We are affiliated to ABEC (Associação Brasileira de Editores Científicos)

We are affiliated to Periódicos CAPES

 

Support