Controle biológico conservativo: Plantas herbáceas e a diversidade e abundância de dermápteros em algodoeiro colorido

João Marcos Amario de Sousa, Danilo Henrique da Matta

Abstract


Resumo. No presente estudo avaliou-se o efeito de plantas herbáceas floríferas (PHF) e plantas espontâneas (PE) sobre Dermaptera em algodoeiro colorido. O experimento foi conduzido em área com algodoeiro, Gossypium hirsutum L., cultivar BRS verde (Malvaceae), contendo bordas com plantas herbáceas floríferas (PHF) e plantas espontâneas (PE), durante o período de outubro/2011 a maio/2013. A amostragem foi quinzenal utilizando-se armadilhas tipo alçapão (Pitfall). Os dados obtidos foram submetidos às análises de fauna e variância. O total de 3.527 indivíduos e quatro espécies de Dermaptera foram capturados no algodoeiro colorido e plantas herbáceas. As espécies de dermápteros predominante foi Labidura riparia (Pallas). A maior diversidade de espécies de dermápteros ocorreu em plantas espontâneas (H'= 0,661) e o maior número de indivíduos de em Fagopyrum esculentum Moench e plantas espontâneas.

Conservative biological control: Herbaceous plants on diversity and abundance of dermaptera in colored cotton

Abstract. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of flowering herbaceous plants (FHP) and weed plants (WP) on Dermaptera in colored cotton. The study was conducted in colored cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., BRS Verde, with FHP and WP, from October/2011 to May/2013. The sampling was fortnightly with pitfall traps. The data were submitted to faunal analysis and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The total of 3,527 individuals and four species of Dermaptera were captured in colored cotton and herbaceous plants. Labidura riparia (Pallas) were Dermaptera predominant, respectively. The higher diversity of species for Dermaptera the greater number was in Fagopyrum esculentum Moench and weed plants (H'= 0,661).


Keywords


Análise faunística; Gossypium hirsutum; fatores meteorológicos; inimigos naturais; Faunistic analysis; Gossypium hirsutum; natural enemies; weather factors

References


Altieri, MA, NE Silva & CI Nicholls, 2003. O papel da biodiversidade no manejo de pragas. Ribeirão Preto: Editora Holos, 226 p.

Altieri, MA, 2004. Agroecologia: a dinâmica produtiva da agricultura sustentável. 4. ed. Porto Alegre: Editora da UFRGS. 120 p.

Ammar, ED & SM Farrag, 1974. Studies on the behavior and biology of the earwig L. riparia Pallas (Dermaptera, Labiduridae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 75: 189-196.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.1974.tb01843.x.

Andreassen, LD, U Kuhlmann, PG Mason & NJ Holliday, 2009. Host range testing of a prospective classical biological control agent against cabbage maggot, Delia radicum, in Canada. Biological Control, 48: 210‑220, 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2008.10.006.

Barbosa, JC & W Maldonado Júnior, 2015. AgroEstat - Sistema para Análises Estatísticas de Ensaios Agronômicos. Versão 1.1.0.711. Jaboticabal: Unesp.

Bengtsson, J, J Ahnström & A Weibull, 2005. The effects of organic agriculture on biodiversity and abundance: a meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42: 261-269.

Brown, MW, CR Mathews & G Krawczyk, 2010. Extrafloral nectar in an apple ecosystem to enhance biological control. Journal of Economic Entomology, 103: 1657-1664. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/EC10019.

Carvalho, LP, 2005. Algodão de fibra colorida no Brasil. In: Anais do 5º Congresso Brasileiro De Algodão, Salvador. p. 1-3. Available on: . [Acesso em: 30.ix.2015].

Collins, KL, ND Boatman, A Wilcox & JM Holland, 2003a. A 5-year comparison of overwintering polyphagous predator densities within a beetle bank and two conventional hedgebanks. Annals of Applied Biology, 143: 63-71. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.00063.x.

Collins, KL, ND Boatman, A Wilcox & JM Holland, 2003b. Effects of different grass treatments used to create overwintering habitat for predatory arthropods on arable farmland. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 96: 59-67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-8809(03)00032-x.

Costa, NP, HD Oliveira, CH Brito & AB Silva, 2007. Influência do nim na biologia do predador Euborellia annulipes e estudos de parâmetros para sua criação massal. Revista de Biologia e Ciências da Terra, 7: 1-8.

Cruz, I, CD Alvarenga & PEF Figueiredo, 1995. Biologia de Doru luteipes (Scudder) e sua capacidade predatória de ovos de Helicoverpa zea (Boddie). Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 24: 273-278.

Demite, PR & RJ Feres, 2005. Influência da vegetação vizinha na distribuição de ácaros em seringal (Hevea brasilliensis Muell. Arg. Euphorbiaceae) em São José do Rio Preto, SP. Neotropical Entomology, 34: 829-883. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s1519-566x2005000500016.

Dobler, R & M Kölliker, 2010. Kin-selected siblicide and cannibalism in the European earwig. Behavioral Ecology, 21: 257-263, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arp184.

Fiedler, AK & DA Landis, 2007. Attractiveness of Michigan native plants to Arthropod natural enemies and herbivores. Environmental Entomology, 36: 751-765.

Gabarra, R, J Riudavets, GA Rodríguez, J Pujade-Villar & J Arnó, 2015 Prospects for the biological control of Drosophila suzukii. BioControl, 60: 331-339. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10526-014-9646-z.

Galli, JC, KCA Senô & FJ Cividanes, 2003. Flutuação populacional de Labidura sp. em Psidium guajava submetido a dois métodos de pulverização de fenthion. Manejo Integrado de Plagas y Agroecología, 69: 45-49.

Gondim, DMC, JL Belot, P Silvie, & N Petit, 2001. Manual de identificação das pragas, doenças, deficiências minerais e injúrias do algodoeiro do Brasil. 3. Ed. Cascavel: Codetec/CIRAD (Boletim técnico, 33), 120 p.

Guerreiro, JC, EB Filho & AC Busoli, 2003. Ocorrência estacional de Doru luteipes na cultura do milho em São Paulo, Brasil. Manejo Integrado de Plagas y Agroecología, 70: 46-49.

Hannam, JJ, JK Liebherr & AE Hajek, 2008. Climbing behaviour and aphid predation by Agonum muelleri (Coleoptera: Carabidae). The Canadian Entomologist, 140: 203‑207. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4039/n07-056.

Hay-Roe, MM, RL Meagher, RN Nagoshi & Y Newman, 2016. Distributional patterns of fall armyworm parasitoids in a corn field and a pasture field in Florida. Biological Control, 96: 48-56. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2016.02.003.

Herculano, FC, WS Lira, GA Cândido & ACF Vasconcelos, 2008. Índice de desenvolvimento sustentável no setor agrícola: um estudo de caso da tecnologia do algodão colorido algodão orgânico em Bom Sucesso – Paraíba. Engenharia Ambiental: Pesquisa e Tecnologia, 5: 14-23.

Hernández-Ruiz, P & G Castaño-Meneses, 2006. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) diversity in agricultural ecosystems at Mezquital Valley, Hidalgo, Mexico. European Journal of Soil Biology, 42: 208-212. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2006.07.020.

Hole, DG, AJ Perkins, JD Wilson, IH Alexander, F Grice & AD Evans, 2005. Does organic farming benefit biodiversity? Biological Conservation, 122: 113-139. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2004.07.018.

Holland, JM & ML Luff, 2000. The effects of agricultural practices on Carabidae in temperate agroecosystems. Integrated Pest Management Reviews, 5: 109-129.

Johanowicz, DL & ER Mitchell, 2000. Effects of sweet alyssum flowers on the longevity of the parasitoid wasps Cotesia marginiventris (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and Diadegma insulare (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Florida Entomologist, 83: 41-47, 2000. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3496226.

Kajak, A & J Lukasiewicz, 1994. Do semi-natural patches enrich crop fields with predatory epigean arthropods? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 49: 149-161, 1994. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-8809(94)90005-1.

Lavandero, B, SD Wratten, P Shishehbor & S Worner, 2005. Enhancing the effectiveness of the parasitoid Diadegma semiclausum (Helen): Movement after use of nectar in the field. Biological Control, 34: 152-158, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2005.04.013.

Lee, JC & GE Heimpel, 2008. Effect of floral nectar, water, and feeding frequency of Cotesia glomerata longevity. Biocontrol, 53: 289-294, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10526-007-9070-8.

Lemos, WP, RS Medeiros & FS Ramalho, 1998. Influência da temperatura no desenvolvimento de Euborellia annulipes (Lucas) (Dermaptera: Anisolabididae), predador do Bicudo-do-Algodoeiro. Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 27: 67-76. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s0301-80591998000100009.

Liu, R, F Zhu, H AN & Y Steinberger, 2014. Effect of naturally vs manually managed restoration on ground-dwelling arthropod communities in a desertified region. Ecological Engineering, 73: 545-552. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.09.092.

Lövei, GL & KD Sunderland, 1996. Ecology and behavior of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Annual Review of Entomology, Palo Alto, v. 41, p. 231- 256. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.en.41.010196.001311.

Macleod, A, SD Wratten, NW Sotherton & MB Thomas, 2004. ‘Beetle banks’ as refuges for beneficial arthropods in farmland: long-term changes in predator communities and habitat. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 6: 147-154. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-9563.2004.00215.x.

Majerus, MEN, 1994. Ladybirds. London: HarperCollins, 367 p.

Martins, ICF, 2011. Insecta e arachnida associados ao solo: plantas herbáceas como área de refúgio visando ao controle biológico conservativo. Tese (Doutorado em Agronomia/Entomologia Agrícola) - Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinária.

Marur, CJ & O Ruano, 2003. Escala do Algodão. Londrina: IAPAR, 1-4 p. Informe da Pesquisa.

Miranda, JE, 2010. Manejo integrado de pragas do algodoeiro no cerrado brasileiro. Campina Grande: Embrapa: CNPA (Embrapa-CNPA. Circular Técnica, 131). 37 p.

Moraes, RCB, ML Haddad, S Silveira Neto & AEL Reyes, 2003. Software para análise faunística – ANAFAU. Available on: .

Otuka, AK, 2015. Dinâmica populacional de insetos fitófagos e predadores em cana-de-açúcar sob aplicação de sílicio. Tese (Doutorado em Agronomia/Entomologia Agrícola) - Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinária.

Peres, FSC, 2007. Cravo-de-defunto (Tagetes patula L.) como planta atrativa para tripés (Thysanoptera) e himenópteros parasitoide (Hymenoptera) em cultivo protegido. Dissertação (Mestrado em Agronomia/Entomologia Agrícola) - Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual Paulista.

Peres, FSC, OA Fernandes, LCP Silveira & CSB Silva, 2009. Cravo-de-defunto como planta atrativa para tripes em cultivo protegido de melão orgânico. Bragantia, 68: 953-960. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s0006-87052009000400015.

Pfiffner, L, H Luka, C Schlatter, A Juen, & M Traugott, 2009. Impact of wildflower strips on biological control of cabbage lepidopterans. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 129: 310-314. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2008.10.003.

Pfiffner, L & E Wyss, 2004. Use of wildflower strips to enhance natural enemies of agricultural pests, p. 165-186. In: GURR, G. M.; WRATTEN, S. D; ALTIERI, M. (Eds.). Ecological Engineering for Pest Management: Advances in Habitat Manipulation for Arthropods. CSIRO Publishing, 256 p. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851999036.0165.

Rahat, S, GM Gurr, SD Wratten, JH MO & R Neeson, 2005. Effect of plant nectar son adult longevity of the stink bug parasitoid, Trissolcus basalis. International Journal of Pest Management, 51: 321-324. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09670870500312778.

Ramalho, FS & PA Wanderley, 1996. Ecology and management of the boll weevil in South American cotton. American Entomologist, 42: 41-47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ae/42.1.41.

Ramos, TO, 2015. Couve consorciada com sorgo e feijão-guandu na ocorrência de pulgões e insetos predadores. Tese (Doutorado em Agronomia/Entomologia Agrícola) - Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinária.

Rose, USR, J Lewis & JH Tumlinson, 2006. Extrafloral néctar from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) as a food source for parasitic wasps. Functional Ecology, 20: 67-74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2006.01071.x.

Shepard, M., V Waddill & W. Kloft, 1973. Biology of the predaceous earwig Labidura riparia (Dermaptera: Labiduridae). Annals of Entomological Society of America, 66: 837-841, 1973. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/66.4.837.

Silva, AB, JL Batista & CH Brito, 2010a. Aspectos biológicos de Euborellia annulipes (Dermaptera: Anisolabididae) alimentada com o pulgão Hyadaphis foeniculi (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Revista Caatinga, 23: 21-27.

Silva, AB, JL Batista & CH Brito, 2010b. Capacidade predatória de Euborellia annulipes (Dermaptera: Anisolabididae) sobre Hyadaphis foeniculi (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Revista de Biologia e Ciências da Terra, 10: 44-51.

Silveira Neto, S, RC Monteiro, RA Zucchi & RCB de Moraes, 1995. Uso da análise faunística de insetos na avaliação do impacto ambiental. Scientia Agricola, 52: 9-15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s0103-90161995000100003.

Silveira Neto, S, O Nakano, D Barbin & NA Villa Nova, 1976. Manual de ecologia dos insetos. São Paulo: Agronômica Ceres, 419 p.

Silveira Neto, S, ML Haddad & RCB Moraes, 2014. Artropodofauna aérea, p. 727-769. In: Berger, GU & LRG Favoretto (Eds.) Monitoramento ambiental Soja Roundup Ready. Botucatu: FEPAF, Cap. 7.3.

Silveira, LCP, E Berti Filho, LSR Pierre, FSC Peres & JNC Louzada, 2009. Marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) as an attractive crop to natural enemies in onion fields. Scientia Agricola, 66: 780-787. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s0103-90162009000600009.

Strandberg, JO, 1981. Activity and abundance of the earwig, Labidura riparia, in a winter cabbage production ecosystem. Environmental Entomology, 10: 701-704. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/10.5.701.

Thomas, MB, SD Wratten & NW Sotherton, 1991. Creation of ‘island’ habitats in farmland to manipulate populations of beneficial arthropods: Predator densities and emigration. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 28: 906-917. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2404216.

Thomas, MB, SD Wratten & NW Sotherton, 1992. Creation of ‘island’ habitats in farmland to manipulate populations of beneficial arthropods: Predator densities and species composition. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 29: 524-531, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2404521.

Venzon, M, MC Rosado, DE Euzébio, B Souza & JH Schoereder, 2006. Suitability of leguminous cover crop pollens as food source for the green lacewing Chrysoperla externa (Hagen) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Neotropical Entomology, 35: 371-376, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s1519-566x2006000300012.

Wäckers, FL, JC Lee, GE Heimpel, K Winkler & R Wagenaar, 2006. Hymenopteran parasitoids synthesize ‘honeydew-specific’ oligosaccharides. Functional Ecology, 20: 790-798. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2006.01158.x.

Wäckers, FL & PCJ Van Rijn, 2012. Pick and mix: selecting flowering plants to meet the requirements of target biological control insects, p. 139-165. In: Gurr, GM, SD Wratten, W Snyder & DMY Read (Eds). Biodiversity and Insect Pests: Key Issues for Sustainable Management. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118231838.ch9.

White, WH, TL Erwin & BJ Viator, 2012. Leptotrachelus dorsalis (Coleoptera: Carabidae): a candidate biological control agent of the sugarcane borer in Louisiana. Florida Entomologist, 95: 261‑267. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1653/024.095.0203.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12741/ebrasilis.v12i3.841

Refbacks





Copyright (c) 2019 Autor(es) e EntomoBrasilis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Qualis Capes

EntomoBrasilis received B3 Interdisciplinary, B4 in Agrarian Sciences I, Environmental Sciences, Teaching and Collective Health, B5 in Biotechnology, Education and Zootechnics / Coastal Resources, in the evaluation of the QUALIS system of CAPES updated in 2016. The complete evaluation is here.

Open Access Articles

|    License Agreement    |     Instructions to authors (PDF)   |    Periodic Project   |   Privacy Policy    |    Currículo Lattes (Search)    |   Scielo     |     Periodicals related to Entomology and their abbreviations     |      Ortografa!

Indexers:

Latindex   |   SEER/IBICT     |    Dialnet     |    Agrobase - Literatura Agrícola     |   Sumários de Revistas Brasileiras     |     DOAJ     |    CABI Abstracts     |    LivRe!       |   RCAAP   |    Diadorim    |    Electronic Journals Library   | Eletronic Journals Index  |   Fonte Acadêmica - EBSCO  |   ZooBank    |   Zoological Records    |   Agro Unitau    |    BASE (Bielfield Academic Search Engine)    |     PKP Index    |   Redib    |    

Other sources:

   WorldCat    |     Mendeley     |     Google Acadêmico    |    Qualis CAPES    

Copyright © 2008-2020, Entomologistas do Brasil

The technical reviews and scientific and even personal, contained in articles and scientific papers published in EntomoBrasilis are full responsibility of their respective authors.

 

EntomoBrasilis. ISSN Online 1983-0572 doi: 10.12741

 

Website hosted free on HostingZone

We are affiliated to ABEC (Associação Brasileira de Editores Científicos)

We are affiliated to Periódicos CAPES

 

Support