Bracon zuleideae Perioto & Lara (Hymenoptera, Braconidae): seed predation potential, expansion of the geographic distribution and new data on host plant phenology

Nelson Wanderley Perioto, Rogéria Inês Rosa Lara, Danielle Roberta Versuti


Abstract. Here, by the first time, was quantified the predation of seeds of Protium ovatum Engl. (Burseraceae) by Bracon zuleideae Perioto & Lara (Hymenoptera, Braconidae), a phytophagous seed eater, in Parque Nacional Grande Sertão Veredas, located in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. B. zuleideae is now mentioned for the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, which extends its geographical distribution about 900 km north of its type locality, its only previous record, and new data about host plant phenology are provided.

Bracon zuleideae Perioto & Lara (Hymenoptera, Braconidae): potencial de predação de sementes, expansão da distribuição geográfica e novos dados de fenologia da planta hospedeira

Resumo. A predação de sementes de Protium ovatum Engl. (Burseraceae) por Bracon zuleideae Perioto & Lara (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) foi quantificada pela primeira vez no Parque Nacional Grande Sertão Veredas, em Minas Gerais, Brasil. A distribuição geográfica de B. zuleideae é estendida para o Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, a cerca de 900 km ao norte da localidade tipo, o único registro anterior, e novos dados sobre a fenologia da planta hospedeira são fornecidos.


Braconidae phytophagy; Braconinae; Brazilian savannah; Neotropical Region; seed predation; cerrado; fitofagia em Braconidae; predação de sementes; Região Neotropical

Full Text:



Almeida, PD, AP Boleti, AL Rüdiger GA, Lourenço, VF Veiga Junior & ES Lima, 2015. Anti-inflammatory activity of triterpenes isolated from Protium paniculatum oil-resins. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Article ID 293768. DOI:

Belshaw, R, C Lopez-Vaamonde, N Degerli & DLJ Quicke, 2001. Paraphyletic taxa and taxonomic chaining: evaluating the classification of braconine wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) using 28S D2-3 rDNA sequences and morphological characters. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 73: 411424. DOI: https://doi: 10.1006/bijl.2001.0539.

Campos D & MJ Sharkey, 2006. Braconidae, pp. 331-384. In: Fernández F & MJ Sharkey (Eds.). Introducción a los Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical. Bogotá D.C., Colombia, Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología, xxx + 894 pp.

Chavarría, L, P Hanson, P Marsh & S Shaw, 2009. A phytophagous braconid, Allorhogas conostegia sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), in the fruits of Conostegia xalapensis (Bonpl.) D. Don (Melastomataceae). Journal of Natural History, 43, 2677-2689. DOI:

Flores, S, JM Nassar & DLJ Quicke, 2005. Reproductive phenology and pre-dispersal seed predation in Protium tovarense (Burseraceae), with description of the first known phytophagous “Bracon” species (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae). Journal of Natural History, 39: 3663-3685. DOI:

Infante, F, P Hanson & RA Wharton, 1995. Phytophagy in the genus Monitoriella (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with description of new species. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 88, 406-415.

Lima, LR & JR Pirani, 2005. Burseraceae, pp. 163-168. In: Wanderley, MGL, GJ Shepherd, TS Melhem, SE Martins, M Kirizawa & AM Giulietti (Eds.). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo. vol. 4. São Paulo, Instituto de Botânica. Available on: .

Loni, A, KG Samartsev, PL Scaramozzino, SA Belokobylskij & A Lucchi, 2016. Braconinae parasitoids (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) emerged from larvae of Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) feeding on Daphne gnidium L. ZooKeys, 587: 125-150. DOI:

Macêdo, MV de & RF Monteiro, 1989. Seed predation by a braconid wasp, Allorhogas sp. (Hymenoptera). Journal of New York Entomological Society, 97: 358-362. Available on: .

Marsh PM, 1991. Description of a phytophagous doryctine braconid from Brazil (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Proceedings of Entomological Society of Washington, 93: 92-95.

Marsh PM, 2002. The Doryctinae of Costa Rica (excluding the genus Heterospilus). Madison, Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 319 p.

Mendonça, RC, JM Felfili, BMT Walter, MC Silva Jr., AV Rezende, TS Filgueiras, PE Nogueira & CW Fagg, 2008. Flora vascular do bioma Cerrado, pp. 423-442. In: Sano, SM, SP Almeida & JF Ribeiro (Eds.). Cerrado: ecologia e flora vol. 2. Planaltina, Embrapa Informação Tecnológica, 1279 p.

Oliveira, PE, 2008. Fenologia e biologia reprodutiva das espécies de Cerrado, pp. 273-290. In: Sano, SM, SP Almeida & JF Ribeiro (Eds.). Cerrado: ecologia e flora vol. 2. Planaltina, Embrapa Informação Tecnológica, 1279 p.

Oliveira, FA, MH Chaves, FRC Almeida, RCP Lima, RM Silva, JL Maia, GAAC Brito, FA Santos & VS Rao, 2005. Protective effect of α- and β-amyrin, a triterpene mixture from Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) March. trunk wood resin, against acetaminophen-induced liver injury in mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 98: 103-108. DOI:

Perioto, NW, RIR Lara, CS Ferrerira, DRR Fernandes, EDC Pedroso, HXL Volpe, J Nais, LRB Correa & SR Viel, 2011. A new phytophagous Bracon Fabricius (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) associated with Protium ovatum (Burseraceae) fruits from Brazilian savannah. Zootaxa, 3000: 59-65.

Quicke, DLJ, 1997. Subfamily Braconinae, pp. 149-174. In: Wharton, RA, PM Marsh & MJ Sharkey (Eds.). Manual of the New World genera of the family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Washington, D.C., The International Society of Hymenopterists, 439 p.

Quicke, DLJ, 2015. The braconid and ichneumonid parasitoid wasps: biology, systematics, evolution and ecology. Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 704 p.

Ramírez, WB & PM Marsh, 1996. A review of the genus Psenobolus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from Costa Rica, an inquiline fig wasp with brachypterous males, with descriptions of two new species. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 5: 64-72.

Ranjith, AP, DLJ Quicke, UKA Saleem, BA Butcher, A Zaldívar-Riverón & M Nasser, 2016. Entomophytophagy ('sequential predatory, then phytophagous behaviour') in an Indian braconid ‘parasitoid’ wasp (Hymenoptera): specialized larval morphology, biology and description of a new species. PLoS ONE, 11: e0156997. DOI:

Reflora, 2019. Flora do Brasil 2020: Protium ovatum. Available in: . [Accessed in: 01.viii.2019].

Rüdiger, L, AC Siani & VF Veiga Junior, 2007. The chemistry and pharmacology of the South America genus Protium Burm. f. (Burseraceae). Pharmacognosy Reviews, 1: 93-104. Available on: .

Siani, AC, MF Ramos, OM Lima, RR Santos, EF Ferreira, RO Soares, EC Rosas, GS Susunaga, AC Guimarães, MG Zoghbi & MG Henriques, 1999. Evaluation of anti-inflammatory-related activity of essential oils from the leaves and resin of species of Protium. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 66: 57-69. DOI:

Shaw, M & T Huddleson, 1991. Classification and biology of braconids wasps (Hymenoptera Braconidae). Handbooks for the identification of British Insects 7, Part. 11, 126 pp.

Shaw, SR, 2006. Familia Braconidae, pp. 487-525. In: Hanson, PE & ID Gauld (Eds.). Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical. Gainesville, The American Entomological Institute, 994 p.

Souza, LR, FG Trindade, RA Oliveira, LCB Costa, VM Gomes & M Cunha, 2016. Histochemical characterization of secretory ducts and essential oil analysis of Protium species (Burseraceae). Journal of Essential Oil Research, 28: 166-171. DOI:

Wharton RA, 1993. Bionomics of the Braconidae. Annual Review of Entomology, 30: 121-143. DOI:

Wharton, RA & PE Hanson, 2005. Biology and evolution of braconid gall wasps (Hymenoptera), pp. 495-505. In: Raman, A, CW Schaefer & TM Withers (Eds.). Biology, ecology, and evolution of gall-inducing arthropods. Enfield, Science Publishers, 780 p.

Williams, RJ, BA Myers, D Eamus & GA Duff, 1999. Reproductive phenology of woody species in a North Australian tropical savanna. Biotropica, 31: 626-636. DOI:

Yu, DS, C van Achterberg & K Horstmann, 2011. Taxapad Ichneumonoidea. Vancouver. Available on: . [Accessed in: 22.x.2018].



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Author(s) and EntomoBrasilis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Qualis Capes

EntomoBrasilis received B3 Interdisciplinary, B4 in Agrarian Sciences I, Environmental Sciences, Teaching and Collective Health, B5 in Biotechnology, Education and Zootechnics / Coastal Resources, in the evaluation of the QUALIS system of CAPES updated in 2016. The complete evaluation is here.

Open Access Articles

|    License Agreement    |     Instructions to authors (PDF)   |    Periodic Project   |   Privacy Policy    |    Currículo Lattes (Search)    |   Scielo     |     Periodicals related to Entomology and their abbreviations     |      Ortografa!


Latindex   |   SEER/IBICT     |    Dialnet     |    Agrobase - Literatura Agrícola     |   Sumários de Revistas Brasileiras     |     DOAJ     |    CABI Abstracts     |    LivRe!       |   RCAAP   |    Diadorim    |    Electronic Journals Library   | Eletronic Journals Index  |   Fonte Acadêmica - EBSCO  |   ZooBank    |   Zoological Records    |   Agro Unitau    |    BASE (Bielfield Academic Search Engine)    |     PKP Index    |   Redib    |    

Other sources:

   WorldCat    |     Mendeley     |     Google Acadêmico    |    Qualis CAPES    

Copyright © 2008-2020, Entomologistas do Brasil

The technical reviews and scientific and even personal, contained in articles and scientific papers published in EntomoBrasilis are full responsibility of their respective authors.


EntomoBrasilis. ISSN Online 1983-0572 doi: 10.12741


Website hosted free on HostingZone

We are affiliated to ABEC (Associação Brasileira de Editores Científicos)

We are affiliated to Periódicos CAPES