Vibration of the plant substrate generated by workers' stridulation during fungus garden cultivation in Atta laevigata (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Amanda Aparecida Carlos, Eduardo Arrivabene Diniz, Sandra Verza da Silva, Odair Correa Bueno

Abstract


Abstract. The communication between leaf-cutting ants occurs through chemical interactions and sound, which are important processes in the complex social system of these organisms. Studies have focused on the characterization and importance of stridulation and vibration of the substrate for ants in general. However, for leaf-cutting ant species, little information is available about the characterization and the function of vibration of the substrate during preparation and incorporation of plant material into the symbiotic fungus by workers. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to describe the vibration in Eucalyptus leaves generated by the stridulation of Atta laevigata (Smith) workers during processing and incorporation of the plant material into the symbiotic fungus, and to discuss its possible function. Vibrational signals were recorded with a laser vibrometer. The amplitudes of the emitted signals varied according to the behaviors performed, that is, each behavior showed a characteristic amplitude. Thus, the vibration in the leaves probably can aid in the efficiency of these ants during the processing of the vegetal material for the incorporation in its symbiont.

Vibração do substrato vegetal gerada pela estridulação de operárias durante o cultivo do fungo em Atta laevigata (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Resumo. A comunicação entre as formigas cortadeiras ocorre por meio da interação química e do som, processos importantes no complexo sistema social destes organismos. Existem vários estudos enfocando a caraterização e a importância da estridulação e vibração do substrato para as formigas em geral. Contudo, pouco se tem descrito para as espécies de formigas cortadeiras sobre a caracterização e função da vibração do substrato durante o preparo e a incorporação do material vegetal pelas operárias no fungo simbionte. Assim, o presente trabalho descreveu a vibração nas folhas de Eucalyptus sp. gerada pela estridulação das operárias de Atta laevigata (Smith) durante o processamento e incorporação destas folhas no fungo simbionte, além de interpretar sua possível função. Os sinais vibratórios foram gravados com um vibrômetro a laser. As amplitudes dos sinais emitidos variaram conforme os comportamentos executados, ou seja, cada comportamento apresentou uma amplitude característica. Desse modo, a vibração nas folhas provavelmente pode auxiliar na eficiência dessas formigas durante o processamento do material vegetal para a incorporação no seu simbionte.


Keywords


Behaviour; Bioacoustics; Eucalyptus sp.; Leaf cutter ants; Comportamento; Bioacústica; Formigas cortadeiras

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akay, A., 2002. Acoustics of friction. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 111: 1525-1548. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1121/1.1456514.

Andrade, A.P.P., L.C. Forti, A.A. Moreira, M.A.C. Boaretto, V.M. Ramos & C.A.O. Mattos, 2002. Behavior of Atta sexdens rubropilosa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) workers during the preparation of the leaf substrate for symbiont fungus culture. Sociobiology, 40: 293-306.

Carlos, A.A., A.S. Rodrigues, L.C. Forti, M.M. Passador & J. Sierra, 2010. Behavioral response of the leafcutter ant Atta sexdens rubropilosa (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), to components of citrus pulp. Sociobiology, 55: 1-10.

Diniz, E.A. & O.C. Bueno, 2009. Substrate preparation behaviors for the cultivation of the symbiotic fungus in leaf-cutting ants of the genus Atta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology, 53: 651-666.

Ferreira, R., C. Poteaux, J.H.C. Delabie, D. Fresneau & F. Rybak, 2010. Stridulation reveal cryptic speciation in Neotropical sympatric ants. Plos ONE, 5: 1-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0015363.

Garrett, R.W., K.A. Carlson, M.S. Goggans, M.H. Nesson, C.A. Shepard & R.M.S. Schofield, 2016. Leaf processing behaviour in Atta leafcutter ants: 90% of leaf cutting takes place inside the nest, and ants select pieces that require less cutting. Royal Society Open Science, 3: 150111. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.150111.

Golden, T.M.J. & P.S.M. Hill, 2016. The evolution of stridulatory communication in ants, revisited. Insectes Sociaux, 63: 309–319. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00040-016-0470-6.

Kermarrec, A., H. Mauleon, & A. Abud Antun, 1976. La stridulation de Acromyrmex octospinosus Reich. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Biométrie de l’appareil stridulateur et analyse du signal produit. Insectes Sociaux, 23: 29-48. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02283904.

Hickling, R. & R.L. Brown, 2000. Analysis of acoustic communication by ants. Journal of the Acoustics Society of America 108: 1920-1929. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1121/1.1290515.

Hill, P.S.M., 2009. How do animals use substrate-borne vibrations as an information source? Naturwissenschaften, 96: 1355-1371.

Hölldobler, B & E.O. Wilson, 1990. The ants. Cambrigde: Harvard University Press, 746 p.

Hölldobler, B. & F. Roces, 2001. The behavioral ecology of stridulatory communication in leaf-cutting ants, p. 92-109. In: Dugatkin, L.A. (Ed.). Model systems in behavioral ecology – Integrating conceptual, theoretical and empirical approaches. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 576 p.

Littledyke, M. & J.M. Cherrett, 1978. Olfactory responses of the leaf-cutting ants A. cephalotes L) and Acromyrmex octospinosus (Reich.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the laboratory. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 68: 273-282. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007485300007355.

Markl, H., 1965. Stridulation in leaf cutting ants. Science, 149: 1392-1393. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.149.3690.1392.

Markl, H., 1967. Die Verständigung durch Stridulationssignale bei Blattschneiderameisen I. Die biologische Bedeutung der Stridulation. Zeitschrift fur vergleichende Physiologie, 57: 299-330. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00303001.

Markl, H., 1968. Die Verständigung durch Stridulationssignale bei Blattschneiderameisen II. Erzeugung und Eigenschaften der Signale. Zeitschrift fur vergleichende Physiologie, 60: 103-150. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00878447.

Markl, H., 1973. The evolution of stridulatory communication in ants. In: Proceedings of the VII Congress IUSSI, London, p. 258-265.

Menzel, T.O. & J.R. Marquess, 2008. The substrate vibration generating behavior of Aphaenogaster carolinensis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal Insect Behaviour, 21: 82-88. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10905-007-9109-9.

Mercier, J.L., 2007. Hammering, mauling, and kissing: stereotyped courtship behavior in Cardiocondyla ants. Insectes Sociaux, 54: 403-411. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00040-007-0960-7.

Pielström, S. & F. Roces, 2012. Vibrational communication in the spatial organization of collective digging in the leaf-cutting ant Atta vollenweideri. Animal Behaviour, 84: 713-752. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.07.008.

Rauth, S.J. & S.B. Vinson, 2006. Colony wide behavioral contexts of stridulation in imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta Buren). Journal of Insect Behavior, 19: 293-304. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10905-006-9026-3.

Raven PRO. Version 1.4, 2011. Bioacoustics Research Program. Raven Pro: Interaction Sound Analysis software (Version 1.4) (Computer Software). Ithaca, NY: The Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. Available on: .

Roces, F., J. Tautz & B. Hölldobler, 1993. Stridulation in leaf cutting ants: short-range recruitment through plant borne vibrations. Naturwissenschaften, 80: 521-524. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01140810.

Roces, F. & B. Hölldobler, 1995. Vibrational communication between hitchhikers and foragers in leaf cutting ants (Atta cephalotes). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 37: 297-302. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s002650050194.

Roces, F. & B. Hölldobler, 1996. Use of stridulation in foraging leaf cutting ants: mechanical support during cutting or short-range recruitment signal? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 39: 293-299. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s002650050292.

Roces, F. & J. Tautz, 2001. Ants are deaf. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 109: 3080-3082. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1121/1.1370085.

Roces, F., 1993. Both evaluation of resource quality and speed of recruited leaf-cutting ants (Acromyrmex lundi) depend on their motivational state. Behaviour Ecology and Sociobiology, 33: 183-189. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00216599.

Tautz, J., F. Roces & B. Holldobler, 1995. Use of a sound based vibratome by leaf cutting ants. Science, 267: 84-87. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.267.5194.84.

Vibsoft 4.7, 1997-2009. Polytec Vibrometer Software, Polytec GmbH, Waldbronn.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12741/ebrasilis.v11i2.732

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Autores e EntomoBrasilis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Qualis Capes

EntomoBrasilis received B3 Interdisciplinary, B4 in Agrarian Sciences I, Environmental Sciences, Teaching and Collective Health, B5 in Biotechnology, Education and Zootechnics / Coastal Resources, in the evaluation of the QUALIS system of CAPES updated in 2016. The complete evaluation is here.

Open Access Articles

|    License Agreement    |     Instructions to authors (PDF)   |    Periodic Project   |   Privacy Policy    |    Currículo Lattes (Search)    |   Scielo     |     Periodicals related to Entomology and their abbreviations     |      Ortografa!

Indexers:

Latindex   |   SEER/IBICT     |    Dialnet     |    Agrobase - Literatura Agrícola     |   Sumários de Revistas Brasileiras     |     DOAJ     |    CABI Abstracts     |    LivRe!       |   RCAAP   |    Diadorim    |    Electronic Journals Library   | Eletronic Journals Index  |   Fonte Acadêmica - EBSCO  |   ZooBank    |   Zoological Records    |   Agro Unitau    |    BASE (Bielfield Academic Search Engine)    

Other sources:

   WorldCat    |     Mendeley     |     Google Acadêmico    |    Qualis CAPES    

Copyright © 2008-2019, Entomologistas do Brasil

The technical reviews and scientific and even personal, contained in articles and scientific papers published in EntomoBrasilis are full responsibility of their respective authors.

 

EntomoBrasilis. ISSN Online 1983-0572 doi: 10.12741

 

Website hosted free on HostingZone

We are affiliated to ABEC (Associação Brasileira de Editores Científicos)

We are affiliated to Periódicos CAPES

 

Support