Study of behavioral patterns and infection analyses in anopheline species involved in the transmission of malaria in Buriticupu and São José de Ribamar municipality, Maranhão State, Brazil

Vera Lúcia Lopes de Barros, Fábio Medeiros da Costa, Antônio Rafael da Silva, Eloisa da Graça Rosário Gonçalves, Denilson da Silva Bezerra, Elias Seixas Lorosa, Wanderli Pedro Tadei

Abstract


Anopheles darlingi Root and Anopheles aquasalis Curry are the main vectors of malaria that occur in the State of Maranhão. Entomological surveys based on the behavior and infectivity of these vectors are important for the elaboration of disease control strategies. The objectives of this work were to study the behavioral patterns of mosquitoes, determining population and hematophagic peaks, dietary preferences, infectivity rate and characterization of breeding sites in two municipalities in the State of Maranhão: Buriticupu and São José of Ribamar. Larvae and pupae were collected in breeding sites and adult females in home environments. Mosquito behavior, their dietary preferences and Plasmodium spp infection rates were analyzed. The vegetation and physicochemical patterns in the breeding sites found are in agreement with those described for species from the Amazon region and the Brazilian Atlantic coast. Anopheles darlingi was the most prevalent mosquito in Buriticupu breeding and home environments. This species was found mainly fed on human blood and naturally infected with Plasmodium vivax Grassi & Feletti and Plasmodium falciparum Welch. Anopheles aquasalis was more frequent in breeding sites in São José de Ribamar, as well as in home environments, whose specimens were mainly fed with human and bird blood. The main peaks of mosquito occurrence in Buriticupu were between 6 pm to 9 pm and in São José de Ribamar we did not record a definite peak. In the first municipality A. darlingi showed dominance over Anopheles albitarsis Lynch Arribálzaga s.l., Anopheles oswaldoi Peryassú, Anopheles nuneztovari Gabaldón and Anopheles evansae Brèthes,, besides presenting a correlation with rainfall. In the second municipality, A. aquasalis was dominant over A. albitarsis s.l. and there was a correlation between these two species and the rainy season. We conclude that the collected data contribute to elucidate the dynamics of malaria transmission in the region and guide the control actions directed to the elimination of the disease in the country.


Keywords


Behavior; Blood Meal; Ecology; Parasite; Vector

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alves, FP, LHS Gil, MT Marrelli, PEM Ribolla, EP Camargo & LHP Silva, 2005. Asymptomatic Carriers of Plasmodium spp. as Infection Source for Malaria Vector Mosquitoes in the Brazilian Amazon. Journal of the Medical Entomology, 42: 777-779. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/42.5.777

Barbosa, LMC, RNP Souto, RMA Ferreira & VM Scarpassa, 2014. Composition, abundance and aspects of temporal variation in the distribution of Anopheles species in an area of Eastern Amazonia. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 47: 313-320. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0239-2013

Barbosa, LMC, RNP Souto, RMA Ferreira & VM Scarpassa, 2016. Behavioral patterns, parity rate and natural infection analysis in anopheline species involved in the transmission of malaria in the northeastern Brazilian Amazon region. Acta Tropica, 164: 216-225. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2016.09.018

Barros, VLL, FM Costa, AR Silva, EGR Gonçalves & WP Tadei, 2015. First record of Anopheles aquasalis associated with malaria transmission in a community in Buriticupu municipality, Maranhão state, Brasil. Journal of Research in Biology, 5: 1782-1787.

Claborn, DM, PB Hshieh, DR Roberts, TA Klein, BC Zeichner & RG Andre, 2002. Environmental factors associated with larval habitats of malaria vectors in northern Kyunggi Province, Republic of Korea. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 18: 178-185.

Consoli, RAGB & R Lourenço-de-Oliveira, 1994. Principais Mosquitos de Importância Sanitária no Brasil. 1st ed. Rio de Janeiro: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. 228 p.

Davis, NC, 1931. A Note on the Malaria-Carrying Anophelines in Belém, Para, and in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Revista de Malariologia, 10: 43-51.

Deane, LM, 1986. Malaria vectors in Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 81: 5-14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761986000600002

Deane, LM, CS Vernin & RG Damasceno, 1949. Avaliação das preferências alimentares das fêmeas de Anopheles darlingi e Anopheles aquasalis em Belém, Pará, por meio de Provas de preciptina, Revista do Serviço Especial de Saúde Pública. 2: 793-808.

Deane, LM, OR Causey & MP Deane, 1948. Notes on the biology of Anopheles and northeastern regions of Brazil's Amazon. Revista do Serviço Especial de Saúde Publica,1: 827-965.

Ferreira, FA, AN Arcos, RTM Sampaio, IB Rodrigues & WP Tadei, 2015. Effect of Bacillus sphaeriscus Neide on Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) and associated insect fauna in fish ponds in the Amazon. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 59: 234-239. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbe.2015.03.013

Flores-Mendoza, C, RA Cunha, DS Rocha & R Lourenço-de-Oliveira, 1996. Determinação das fontes alimentares de Anopheles aquasalis (Diptera: Culicidae) no Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, pelo teste de precipitina. Revista de Saúde Pública, 30: 129-134. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101996000200003

Forattini, OP, 2002. Culicidologia Médica. 1st ed. São Paulo: Edusp, 864 p.

Galardo, AKR, RH Zimmerman, LP Lounibos, LJ Young, CD Galardo, M Arruda & CAA D’Almeida, 2009. Seasonal abundance of anopheline mosquitoes and their association with rainfall and malaria along the Matapí River, Amapá Brazil. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 23: 335-349. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2915.2009.00839.x

Galvão, ALA, R Damasceno & A Marques, 1942. Algumas observações sobre a biologia dos anofelinos de importância epidemiológica em Belém do Pará. Arquivos de Higiene e Saúde Publica, 12: 51-110.

Hiwat, H & G Bretas, 2011. Ecology of Anopheles darlingi Root with respect to vector importance: a review. Parasites and Vectors, 4: 1-13. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-4-177

IPEA – Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada, 2019. Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017. Brasília: IPEA/ PNUD/FJP. 65 p.

Klein, TA, JB Lima, MS Tada & R Miller, 1991. Comparative susceptibility of anopheline mosquitoes in Rondônia Brazil, to infection by Plasmodium vivax. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 45: 463-470. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1991.45.463

Lorosa, ES, RE Andrade, MGA Serra, JMM Rebelo & MC Vinhaes, 1998. Estudo das fontes alimentares através da reação de precipitina e grau de infectividade em Triatoma rubrofasciata (De Geer, 1773) coletados na Ilha de São Luiz, Maranhão. Entomología y Vectores, 5: 241-250.

Lourenço-de-Oliveira, R, AG Guimarães, M Arlé, TF Silva, MG Castro, MA Motta & LM Deane, 1989. Anopheline species, some of their habits and relation to malaria in endemic areas of Rondônia state, Amazon region of Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 84: 501-514. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761989000400008

Moser, JB, A Gutiérrez & RH Zimmerman, 2004. Relaciones entre tipos de hábitat, algunas variables químicas y la presencia de larvas de Anopheles aquasalis Curry y Anopheles pseudopunctipennis Theobald en una área costera del Estado Sucre, Venezuela. Entomotropica, 19: 79-84.

Moutinho, PR, LHS Gil, RB Cruz & PEM Ribolla, 2011. Population dynamics, structure and behavior of Anopheles darlingi in a rural settlement in the Amazon rainforest of Acre, Brazil. Malaria Journal, 10: 1-12 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-10-174

Mwangangi, JM, EJ Muturi, JI Shililu, S Muriu, B Jacob, E W Kabiru, CM Mbogo, JI Githure & RJ Novak, 2007. Environmental covariates of Anopheles arabiensis in a rice agroecosystem in mwea, central Kenya. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 23: 371–377. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2987/5605.1

Pimenta, PF, AS Orfano, AC Bahia, AP Duarte, CM Ríos-Velásquez, FF Melo, FA Pessoa, GA Oliveira, KM Campos, LM Villegas, NB Rodrigues, R Nacif-Pimenta, RC Simões, WM Monteiro, R Amino, YM Traub-Cseko, JB Lima, MG Barbosa & MV Lacerda, 2015. An overview of malaria transmission from the perspective of Amazon Anopheles vectors. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 110: 23-47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/0074-02760140266

Pinault LL & FF Hunter, 2012. Characterization of larval habitats of Anopheles albimanus, Anopheles pseudopunctipennis, Anopheles punctimacula, and Anopheles oswaldoi s.l. populations in lowland and highland Ecuador. Journal of Vector Ecology. 37: 124-136. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1948-7134.2012.00209.x

Póvoa, MM, IMC Sucupira, GMR Viana, RNL Lacerda, RTL Lacerda, EPS Rosa, DG Primo, JÉA Araújo, JMS Nascimento, JMV Peres & EL Carmo, 2009. Risco de transmissão de malária humana em área de Implantação de projeto de prospecção mineral, município d Juruti, Estado do Pará. Revista de Patologia Tropical, 38: 93-102. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5216/rpt.v38i2.6607

Póvoa, MM, JE Conn, CD Schlichting, JC Amaral, MN Segura, AN Silva, CC Santos, RN Lacerda, RT Souza & D Galiza, 2003. Malaria vectors, epidemiology and the re-emergence of Anopheles darlingi in Belém, Pará, Brazil. Journal of the Medical Entomology, 40: 379-386. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585-40.4.379

R Development Core Team, 2013. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna: The R Foundation for Statistical Computing. 63 p. Available on:.

Rebêlo, JMM, JLP Moraes, GA Alves, FS Leonardo, RV Rocha, WA Mendes, E Costa, LEMB Câmara, MJA Silva, YNO Pereira & JAC Mendonça, 2007. Distribuição das espécies do gênero Anopheles (Diptera, Culicidae) no Estado do Maranhão, Brasil. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 23: 2959-2971. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2007001200017

Rodrigues, IB, WP Tadei, RLC Santos, S Santos & JB Baggio. 2008. Controle da malária: eficácia de formulados de Bacillus sphaericus 2362 contra larvas de espécies de Anopheles em criadouros artificiais-tanques de piscicultura e criadouros de olaria. Revista de Patologia Tropical, 37: 161-176. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5216/rpt.v37i2.5047

Santelli, ACFS, CP Damasceno, CL Peterka & PB Marchesini, 2016. Plano de eliminação de malária no Brasil, Fase 1: malária falciparum. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde. 37 p. Available on:

Savage, HME, E Rejmankova, JI Arredondo-Jimenez, DR Roberts & MH Rodriguez, 1990. Limnological and botanical characterization of larval habitats for two primary malarial vectors, Anopheles albimanus and Anopheles pseudopunctipennis, in coastal areas of Chiapas state, Mexico. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 6: 612-620. Available on: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/content/part/JAMCA/JAMCA_V06_N4_P612-620.pdf

Silva, AN, CC Santos, RN Lacerda, EPS Rosa, RT Souza, D Galiza, I Sucupira, JE Conn & MM Póvoa, 2006. Laboratory colonization of Anopheles aquasalis (Diptera: Culicidae) in Belém, Pará, Brazil. Journal of the Medical Entomology, 43: 107-109. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585(2006)043[0107:LCOAAD]2.0.CO;2

Silva, AR, PL Tauil, JLB Bastos-Júnior, WB Matos, EAP Costa & EGR Gonçalves, 2006. Aspects of the focal transmission of malaria in the Island of São Luis, Maranhão. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 39: 250-254. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822006000300004

Sinka, ME, Y Rubio-Palis, S Manguin, AP Patil, WH Temperley, PW Gething, TV Boeckel, CW Kabaria, RE Harbach & SI Hay, 2010. The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Americas: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis. Parasites and Vectors, 3: 72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-3-72

Siqueira, AF, 1960. Estudos sobre a reação de precipitina aplicada à identificação de sangue ingerido por triatomíneos. Revista do Instituo de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, 2: 41-53.

Snounou, G, S Viriyakosol, PX Zhu, W Jarra, L Pinheiro, VE Rosário, S Thaithong & KN Brown, 1993. High sensitivy of detection of human malaria parasites by the use of nested polymerase chain reaction. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 61: 315-320. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-6851(93)90077-B

Soleimani-Ahmadi, M, H Vatandoost & M Zare, 2014. Characterization of larval habitats for anopheline mosquitoes in a malarious area under elimination program in the southeast of Iran. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 4: 73-80. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C899

Tadei, WP & B Dutary-Thatcher, 2000. Malaria vectors in the Brazilian Amazon: Anopheles of the subgenus Nyssorhynchus. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, 42: 87-94. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652000000200005

Tadei, WP, B Dutary-Thatcher, JMM Santos, VM Scarpassa, IB Rodrigues & MS Rafael, 1998. Ecologic observations on anopheline vectors of malaria in the Brazilian Amazon. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 59: 325-335. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1998.59.325

Tadei, WP, IB Rodrigues, MS Rafael, RTM Sampaio, HG Mesquita, VCS Pinheiro, JAC Zequi, RA Roque & JMM Santos, 2017. Adaptative processes, control measures, genetic background, and resilience of malaria vectors and environmental changes in the Amazon region. Hydrobiologia, 789: 179-196. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-016-2960-y

Tadei, WP, JMM Santos, VM Scarpassa & IB Rodrigues, 1993. Incidence, distribution and ecological aspects of Anopheles species (Diptera: Culicidae) in natural areas and environmental impact in the Brazilian Amazon, p. 167-196. In: Ferreira, EJG, GM Santos, ELM Leão & LA Oliveira (Eds). Bases científicas para estratégias de preservação e desenvolvimento da Amazônia. 1st ed. Manaus: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, 371 p.

Tadei, WP, JMM Santos, WLS, Costa & VM Scarpassa, 1988. Biologia de anofelinos amazônicos XII. Ocorrência de espécies de Anopheles, dinâmica de transmissão e controle da malária na zona urbana de Ariquemes (Rondônia). Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, 30: 221-251.

Vezenegho, SB, A Adde, VP Santi, J Issaly, R Carinci, P Gaborit, I Dusfour, R Girod & S Briolant, 2016. High malaria transmission in a forested malaria focus in French Guiana: How can exophagic Anopheles darling thwart vector control and prevention measures?. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 111: 561-569. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/0074-02760160150

Vittor, AY, RH Gilman, J Tielsch, G Glass, T Shields, WS Lozano, V Pinedo-Cancino & JA Patz, 2006. The effect of deforestation on the human-biting rate of Anopheles darlingi, the primary vector of Falciparum malaria in the Peruvian Amazon. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 74: 3-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.74.3

Vittor, AY, W Pan, RH Gilman, J Tielsch, G Glass, T Shields, W Sánchez-Lozano, VV Pinedo, E Salas-Cobos, S Flores & JA Patz, 2009. Linking deforestation to malaria in the Amazon: characterization of the breeding habitat of the principal malaria vector, Anopheles darlingi. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 81: 5-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.81.5

Xavier, MMSP & JMM Rebêlo, 1999. Espécies de Anopheles (Culicidae, Anophelinae) em área endêmica de malária, Maranhão, Brasil. Revista de Saúde Pública, 3: 535-541. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101999000600003




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12741/ebrasilis.v13.e0820

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Author(s) and EntomoBrasilis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Qualis Capes

EntomoBrasilis received B3 Interdisciplinary, B4 in Agrarian Sciences I, Environmental Sciences, Teaching and Collective Health, B5 in Biotechnology, Education and Zootechnics / Coastal Resources, in the evaluation of the QUALIS system of CAPES updated in 2016. The complete evaluation is here.

Open Access Articles

|    License Agreement    |     Instructions to authors (PDF)   |    Periodic Project   |   Privacy Policy    |    Currículo Lattes (Search)    |   Scielo     |     Periodicals related to Entomology and their abbreviations     |      Ortografa!

Indexers:

Latindex   |   SEER/IBICT     |    Dialnet     |    Agrobase - Literatura Agrícola     |   Sumários de Revistas Brasileiras     |     DOAJ     |    CABI Abstracts     |    LivRe!       |   RCAAP   |    Diadorim    |    Electronic Journals Library   | Eletronic Journals Index  |   Fonte Acadêmica - EBSCO  |   ZooBank    |   Zoological Records    |   Agro Unitau    |    BASE (Bielfield Academic Search Engine)    |     PKP Index    |   Redib    |    

Other sources:

   WorldCat    |     Mendeley     |     Google Acadêmico    |    Qualis CAPES    

Copyright © 2008-2020, Entomologistas do Brasil

The technical reviews and scientific and even personal, contained in articles and scientific papers published in EntomoBrasilis are full responsibility of their respective authors.

 

EntomoBrasilis. ISSN Online 1983-0572 doi: 10.12741

 

Website hosted free on HostingZone

We are affiliated to ABEC (Associação Brasileira de Editores Científicos)

We are affiliated to Periódicos CAPES

 

Support